The ideal base for artificial turf depends on various factors, including the local climate, intended use of the turf, and budget considerations. Generally, there are three common types of bases used for installing artificial turf: a compacted aggregate base, a dynamic base system, and an engineered base system.
- Dynamic Base System: A dynamic base system is designed to offer better shock absorption and additional cushioning, making it suitable for sports fields or areas with high foot traffic. It typically consists of an elastic layer, such as a layer of rubber or shock-absorbing foam, placed on top of the compacted aggregate base. The artificial turf is then installed over the elastic layer.
- Engineered Base System: An engineered base system is the most sophisticated and costly option, typically used for professional sports fields or areas that require high-performance characteristics. It involves a combination of various materials, including geotextiles, shock pads, and different types of aggregates, strategically layered to meet specific performance requirements.
- Compacted Aggregate Base: This is the most common and cost-effective type of base for artificial turf installations. It involves excavating the existing soil to a certain depth and then compacting a layer of crushed stone, gravel, or decomposed granite to create a stable and permeable foundation. The aggregate base provides good drainage and helps prevent uneven settling of the turf.
It’s important to note that the local climate and drainage considerations play a crucial role in determining the ideal base. Proper drainage is essential to prevent water from pooling on the turf, which could lead to various issues like mold growth, unpleasant odors, and reduced lifespan of the artificial turf.
To ensure the successful installation of artificial turf and to maximize its benefits and lifespan, it is crucial to engage experienced and knowledgeable professionals. They will help determine the appropriate base type, conduct proper site preparation, and ensure adequate drainage is in place. By following these steps, the artificial turf will offer a safe, durable, and enjoyable surface for its intended use, whether it’s for residential lawns, commercial landscapes, or sports fields.